Ergonomics has sought to ascertain the factors that could make it easier to monitoring occupational hazards, using different techniques and disciplines such as medicine, engineering, psychology and physics, to name but a few. To that end, extensive research has been conducted to find out what furniture measurements have to be taken into account for different body sizes according to age and gender, in the case of ergonomics, for example; and in other cases, what colours are the least tiring for people who work with data display screens (computers) in the case of physics and medicine.
Each set of working conditions will be assessed different, according to personal characteristics and the workplace environment factors; the type of task to be performed and for how long also has to be taken into account. Therefore, our skilled technicians will assess the workplace and the most suitable study method for proposing the appropriate corrective measures.
Ergonomic studies focus on the environment in which one works, which is why it specializes in:
MICROERGONOMICS: job design/redesign.
MACROERGONOMICS: full organizational design.
There are also two kinds of ergonomics, depending on the moment in time when the ergonomic knowledge has to be applied:
CORRECTIVE ERGONOMICS: for existing jobs or organizations.
PREVENTIVE ERGONOMICS: designs new jobs or organizational structures.
|Job conception and analysis.|
|Load handling studies.|
|Repetitive movement studies.|
|Data display screen studies.|
Psychosociology, also known as social psychology, endeavours to analyze and propose solutions that allow workers to adapt to their company’s internal factors, and also adapt workers’ external factors to prevent the psychological burden risks that often abound. These dysfunctions are sometimes expressed as stress, anxiety and phobias, among others, that can limit workers’ abilities and performance, and thus impact the company, as well as leading them to suffer from burn-out syndrome, from a personal perspective.
Priority is given to examining workers’ personal characteristics, their opportunities for social interaction, their mental and sensorial abilities, culture, habits, etc., in the work environment examine and how they are affected when they have to work under heavy pressure, in social isolation, attending to customers, etc., and, where appropriate, consideration must be given to factors unrelated to the company, such as the family environment, neighbourhood, friends, etc. to achieve a deeper understanding of the cases and propose the most appropriate corrective measures.
|–||Psychosocial assessment: specific studies on: shiftwork, stress, mental workload, work organization, etc.|