Shipping Inspection

Customised solutions for each craft

Technical Inspection of Vessels (TIV)

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Obtaining or renewing the Seaworthiness Certificate and Registration Certificate

All types of voluntary technical inspections

Obtaining or renewing the Seaworthiness Certificate and Registration Certificate (Regulatory Inspection of recreational craft according to Royal Decree 1434/1999)

Periodic, intermediate, additional and extraordinary inspections. (For additional technical inspections other than the TIV, see the other services)

Short legal description

The REGULATIONS section contains the regulations governing the mandatory inspection of recreational craft,  and will tell you about your obligations as an owner.

Royal Decree 1434/1999, of 10th September, establishes the compulsory inspections and surveys.

Spanish Ministerial Order FOM/1144/2003, amended by Order FOM/1076/2006, regulates safety, emergency, fire-fighting,  navigation and waste water equipment.

Royal Decree 1185/2006 specifies the radio equipment.


The statutory surveys established in the regulatory inspection are:

INITIAL: Compulsory for all craft, unless they bear the CE conformity marking.

PERIODIC : (Every five years as a maximum). Compulsory for craft exceeding 6 metres in length for private use and for all craft operated for profit.

INTERMEDIATE : (Between the second and third year from the date of the last periodic survey)
Compulsory for all craft exceeding 6 metres in length operated for profit and, for craft for private use, exceeding 15 metres in length (or 6 metres if they are wooden)

ADDITIONAL: Required when the craft undergoes repairs or modifications and whenever it has gone grounded, collided or suffered damage that could affect ist safe navigation. The most common modifications are engine changes and change of navigation zone, but please bear in mind that an Additional survey is required when a modification is made or equipment is installed.

EXTRAORDINARY:Conducted in accordance wtih a court order or at the request of the Directorate-General for Merchant Shipping.
Seaworthiness certificate / Registration Certificate

This document certifies that the craft is seaworthy. Any reference to the Seaworthiness Certificate also applies to the Registration Certificate, which are both equivalent for inspection purposes.
The Certificate, stamped by the inspection agency, is the document used to prove to maritime authorities, users, customers, insurance companies, etc. that the craft has passed the surveys required to guarantee that is it examinations designed to ensure SAFETY AT SEA.
The Certificate (…) must always be kept onboard. If the competent authorities request to see the Certificate and it is not on board, the owner shall have five working days from the request date to prove to such authorities that the Certificate exists and was valid on the date it was requested. (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art.4.3.)
Owners of recreational craft shall be responsible for ensuring the Certificates are kept up-to-date… (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art.4.4.)
The following are serious breaches (…): Sailing without a Certificate (…) or doing so with an expired Certificate (…) (Royal Decree 1434/1999, Art.12.a) and carrying our renovation work or an engine change without the pertinent authorization or in breach of the applicable regulations (Royal Decree 1434/1999, Art.12.b).
The following are very serious breaches (…): navigating pleasure and sporting boats that lack the appropriate Certificate (…), and are not properly seaworthy, endangering their safety and security. (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art.13.a)

How TIV surveys are conducted

The craft’s owner must contact us sufficiently in advance to allow the inspectors to schedule their visits. Owners are advised to take the opportunity, when the craft is aground to have its antifouling paint renewed, to pass the mandatory inspection.
The inspector will check that the hull, propulsion equipment, electrical installation, deck and tanks (plus rigging if it has any) are all in good comndition, and that the vessel has all the mandatory safety equipment on board.
The craft must have the aforementioned Certificate, or otherwise other documents proving that it has been registered with the Directorate-General for Merchant Shipping. Documents that prove it has been registered with the Directorate-General for Merchant Shipping include, for example, the Ship Register Entry Page, the Navigation License, the “Registration Certificate – Navigation Permit”, the Ship Inspection Certificate (C.I.B.), the “Unitized Construction Certificate” and the “Dispatch and Crew Log”.

Mandatory safety material and equipment on board recreational craft

The equipment and material depend on the navigation zone, the length of the craft and the engine on-board, including auxiliary engines . (you can check this in the DOWNLOADS section)).

The current Navigation Zones are:

Zona 1: Unlimited navigation

Zona 2: Navigation within 60 miles of the coastline.

Zona 3: Navigation within 25 miles of the coastline.

Zona 4: Navigation within 12 miles of the coastline.

Zona 5: Navigation within 5 miles of shelter or an accessible beach

Zona 6: Navigation within 2 miles of shelter or an accessible beach.

Zona 7: Navigation limited to sheltered coastal waters, ports, harbors, estuaries, bays, sheltered and protected waters in general.

The Navigation Zone (assigned by the Directorate-General for Merchant Shipping in terms of the safety equipment) should not be confused with the Design Category (assigned by the manufacturer according to the wind and sea conditions for which the boat is designed). The latter is displayed on your boat’s plate.

Depending on the boat’s Design Category, the admissible Navigation Zones are:

Category A:  Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Category B:  Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Category C:  Zones 4, 5, 6, 7
Category D:  Zone 7


Outcome of a TIV survey

Depending on the state of the craft and its equipment, the outcome will be:

SATISFACTORY: The craft can sail as long as the Certificate remains valid…. (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art.10.1).

FAVOURABLE WITH MINOR DEFECTS: The craft can sail as long as the Certificate remains valid (…), but the defects must be solved before it sets sail, without having to undergo a second inspection

UNFAVOURABLE: The Certificate will not be renewed

If the outcome of the inspection is unfavourable, the inspection agency will give the owner a maximum of TWO MONTHS to remedy the anomalies detected. (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art. 10.2)

FAIL: The Certificate will not be renewed and the Harbour Master will also be informed. (ROYAL DECREE 1434/1999, Art.10.3.)


TIV fees

Please see the RATES section for the reference prices that EUROCONTROL applies to recreational craft surveys. Bear in mind that under no circumstances can any discounts offered from time to time be combined with one another.


From time to time, we organize internal and external inspector training courses ((see TRAINING section))